Jalandhar was known as ‘Prasthala’ during the period of ‘Mahabharata’ war. It is one of the key districts of the state of Punjab. There are several myths related to the name of this city. One legend says that it is named after a demon - Jaldhar. Another legend says that Jalandhar is derived from the word ‘Jalandhar’, which means an area inside the water. The place is cultivated by three rivers, Sutlej, Beas and Ravi. Situated on the rigorously irrigated plain between the Beas and Sutlej rivers, Jalandhar is an important destination of the state. Surrounded by Ludhiana in east, Kapurthala in west, Hosiharpur in north and Ferozepur in south, Jalandhar is a rapidly growing and urbanizing city of Punjab. It is spread over an area of about 3,401 km². Jalandhar used to be the capital city of Punjab from the independence of India (1947) to the establishment of Chandigarh in 1953. At present, it has turned into a highly industrialized centre of commercial activity in latest years. Jalandhar worked as the seat of Nath movement between 8th and 10th century AD, with one of its greatest saint being Jalandhar Nath. From the last half of the 10th century up to AD 1019, the city became part of the Shahi Kingdom of the state of Punjab and Jalandhar became an important city of the region. In the year 1766, the city was captured by the Faizullahpuria confederacy. Ranjit Singh captured it in 1811 and in year 1846, the city became the headquarters of the territory acquired by the British post Sikh War. During the British rule, Jalandhar served as the headquarters of the Division and District of Jalandhar. Presently, it serves as one of the most significant tourist destinations of the state of Punjab. The city is one of the fastest growing industrialized sectors of the state, which is popular for sports items; steel and iron re-rolling mills, rubber goods, electrics, automobile parts, handlooms and handicraft industry. Jalandhar is an awesome place enjoying great antiquity, which is
March to Mid-June, Pleasant and beautiful
Temperature:8°C – 25°C
July to September, receives rainfall
Annual rainfall -281 cm
Last November to February, Cool and Pleasant
Temperature:0°C – 5°C
Best Places to Visit in Jalandhar
Jalandhar is one of the most popular cities of the state of Punjab, which is an eminent hub of tourism and trade. With its rich heritage and age-old traditions, it features a number of tourist attractions that lure tourists from all over the world. There are a number of tourist places to visit in Jalandhar. Know in detail about famous places to visit in Jalandhar:
Devi Talab Mandir
Situated in the heart of the city, Devi Talab Temple is one of the most visited places in Jalandhar located 1 km away from the railway station. The temple is supposed to be around 200 years old. The main deity of this temple is dedicated to Goddess Durga and is one among the 51 Shakthi pithas of India. An idol of Lord Shiva is enshrined in this temple that is called as Bhisan Bhairav. Devi Talab Temple has been recently renovated followed by a number of changes made.
St. Mary's Cathedral Church is one among the prime religious places of Christians and popular places to visit in Jalandhar. The old architecture of the church was constructed by Rev. Fr. John MacDonnell in 1947, in the memory of St. Patrick. In year 1955, the Catholic Mission of Punjab was raised to the status of Apostolic Prefecture and it was headquartered in Jalandhar. The church of the city consequently turned into the Cathedral or the Mother Church of Punjab.
This well-known Shiv Mandir of Jalandhar city is situated at Gur Mandi, close to Imam Nasir Mausoleum. The temple dates back to the Lodhi Era and considered to have been constructed by the Nawab of Sultanpur Lodhi. The architecture of the temple beautifully blends Hindu and Muslim architectural style. The main gate of the temple is built in the style of a mosque and the rest of the structure is created in the Hindu style.
Sodal Temple is located close to Devi Talab Temple, on Sodal road. In this temple, Lord Sodal is worshipped. Every year on Anand Chaturdashi during mid-September, a fair is organized at the Samadhi of Baba Sodal. Inside the samadhi, there is a painted portrait of Baba Sodal. This is adorned with garlands and rosaries. The offerings of the temple are distributed among the pilgrims.
Imam Nasir Mausoleum
Located in the middle of the Jalandhar city, Imam Nasir Mausoleum offers an exclusive treat for the eyes. It is one of the oldest monuments in the city that has been named after the great saint - Imam Nasir. As per the archaeological surveys, the mausoleum is apparently an 800-year-old structure. Its magnificent architecture and historic relevance make this mausoleum one of the most popular places to visit in Jalandhar.
Located adjacent to the Imam Nasir Mausoleum, Jama Masjid is a 400 year old building and a religious attraction of the city. The architectural style of this mosque speaks about the creative brilliance of the ancient era. Its wonderful construction suggests about the technically great engineering efforts of the people of that time.
Gurdwara Chhevin Padshahi
Gurudwara Chhevin Padshahi is a beautiful white colored Gurudwara that is built at the place where Guru Hargobind Singh had a holy talk with the Muslim saint Shaikh Darvesh during his tour of Daob area. Located in Basti Shaikh, the holy place features handwritten copy of Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
Tulsi Mandir is a prehistoric monument in the Jalandhar city. It is the temple of Vrinda, wife of Jalandhara. This is situated in the Kot Kishan Chand locality of the city. The temple features a tank, which is said to be the bathing place of the Demons.
Desh-Bhagat Memorial Hall
Desh-Bhagat Memorial Hall is two-storey building, which includes a library, an exhibition hall, conference rooms and few residential rooms. The hall has preserved the memories of the people who were martyred in the freedom movement of India against the British rule.
Wonderland is an amusement park offering a wide variety of games and rides. The park is spread over an area of 11 acres. The main park opens from 9 am to 10 pm.
Pushpa Gujral Science City
Pushpa Gujral Science City is the leading project of its kind in Northern India, which is set up over 72 acres of land. Established on the Jalandhar-Kapurthala Road, it is one of the must visit places near Jalandhar. The center educates the masses through the wonders of science in a pleasant and beautiful way. It helps us in understanding the marvels of science and technology.
Serai Nurmahal is a beautiful tourist place to visit around Jalandhar. It is a historical building, which was built by Nurjahan. Its oriental architecture is in the shape of a quadrangle and comprised of 140 cells, spread over all four sides of the structure.
Shaheed E Azam Bhagat Singh Museum
Located 55 KM away from Jalandhar, it is an important attraction near Jalandhar city. The museum displays a number of things associated with Bhagat Singh. You may also see here scribed notes of Bhagat Singh.